Effective sentencing should be collaborative, involving a variety of relevant experts in assessment and sentencing decisions. Judges are lawyers, trained in criminal jurisprudence, charged with assuring due process. They are not trained in the complexities of human behavior.Kelly foresees a judicial system where, "The judge oversees a process that involves a team of experts engaging in problem-solving, setting expectations, compiling assessment information, developing and implementing an intervention and supervision management plan, and dealing with noncompliance and reoffending." That's all well and good, but it would take a lot more judges unless the plan also included a component that limits the justice system's volume, a subject unaddressed in this short article but which couldn't be ignored if his suggestions were put into play.
Judges should collaborate with experts from a variety of disciplines as appropriate — psychologists, addiction specialists, neuroscientists, psychiatrists and vocational, occupational and educational specialists — to develop a supervision and intervention plan.
The tagline to Kelly's column noted that his "most recent book, “Criminal Justice at the Crossroads: Transforming Crime and Punishment,” published by Columbia University Press in May, presents a road map for extensive reform of the American criminal justice system."